The billion dollar nanomaterials market is defined as products with a size range between 1 and 100 nm. Just how small is that? A nanometer is a billionth of a meter or in more realistic terms, a single sheet of paper is about 100,000 nanometers thick.
Nanomaterials are nothing new.

In fact, nanoparticles of gold were used to make colored stain glass during Medieval times and carbon nanotubes have been found in ancient swords demonstrating remarkably high strength. Only in the last few decades have scientists been able to observe, characterize, and work with nanomaterials after the advent of high powered electron microscopes and various other characterization methods. In 2016, over 1,900 U.S. based companies conduct R&D, manufacture, or have products with nanotechnology.*

Nanotechnology and nanomaterials provide the world with unique benefits and capabilities including: superfast computers with vast amounts of storage, self-cleaning surfaces, stain free textiles, antibacterial surfaces, healthcare products, cosmetics, solar panels, high capacity batteries, LEDs, stronger more durable construction materials, and smart windows.